chinese manufacturing refining molten slag secondary refining slag sintering steel refining slag credit guarantee

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  • Production, characterisation, utilisation, and beneficial ...

    1. Introduction. Slag is a complex co-product engineered by adding flux materials to extract impurities from molten iron and steel during manufacturing (Ilyushechkin et al., 2012, Yang et al., 2018).Slags can be characterised as either an acidic slag, neutral slag, or basic slag.

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  • Modifying hot slag and converting it into value-added ...

    2018-2-20u2002·u2002In China, 250 million tons of BF slag at about 1450 °C with heat of 15 × 10 6 tons standard coal equivalency (tce) and 100 million tons of steel slag (including BOF and EAF slag) at about 1650 °C with heat of 6.8 × 10 6 tce were produced in 2014, but almost all of their waste heat dissipated in the air. How to utilize hot slag and its waste ...

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  • Steel slags in cement-based composites: An ultimate

    2021-7-12u2002·u2002Steel slags have a chemical composition close to that of the Portland cement clinker, mainly constituted by calcium-silicates and calcium-ferrites, which makes this industrial waste potentially usable as a raw material for cement and concrete production .The presence of steel slag in the clinker manufacturing process reduces the sintering temperature of raw meal and is also associated with ...

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  • Effect of the CaO-Al2O3-Based Top Slag on the Cleanliness ...

    Industrial experiments were performed to improve the cleanliness of 95CrMo drill rod steel by slag refining. Higher steel cleanliness, lower corrosion, and small inclusions were obtained using the ...

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  • Integrated and innovative steel slag utilization for iron ...

    2016-11-20u2002·u2002Iron and steel slags are inevitable byproducts from the process of manufacturing iron and steel products. They can be broadly categorized into the iron and steel slags, in which the steel slag includes basic oxygen furnace slag (BOFS), electric arc furnace slag (EAFS) and ladle refining furnace slag (LFS), as presented in Table 1.Although it varies widely depending on the source and on ...

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  • CN106191344A - A kind of slag melting and reducing that ...

    A kind of slag melting and reducing that mixes produces the method with modifier treatment, belongs to non-blast furnace ironmaking and comprehensive utilization of resources field.Step is: 1) in the mixing slag of blast furnace cinder and molten steel slag, adds ferrous material, reducing agent, is heated to molten condition, oxidizing gas of jetting, and fused reduction iron-smelting can ...

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  • WO2018014419A1 - Method for mixed slag smelting

    Disclosed is a method for mixed slag smelting reduction production and tempering, comprising the following steps: 1) an iron-containing material and a reducing agent are added to

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  • CN101721784A - Harm-free and recycling treatment

    The invention provides a harm-free and recycling treatment method for chromium slag. In the method, after being made into dried particles with the grain diameter of 0.5-10mm, the chromium slag is mixed with tapped melting converter steel slag; the addition amount of the chromium slag is 0.5-5 percent of the weight of the melting converter steel slag; after the chromium slag is mixed with the ...

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  • Steelmaking Technology for the Last 100 Years: Toward ...

    Progress of steelmaking technology in Japan over the last 100 years is overviewed covering hot metal pretreatment, primary steelmaking with open hearth furnaces, converters and electric arc furnaces, secondary refining of steel with degassers and ladle furnaces, and ingot- and continuous-casting.

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  • Furnace Crucibles, Induction Furnace Graphite Crucible ...

    2021-9-30u2002·u2002The induction furnace graphite crucible manufacturers ensure that the graphite furnaces are energy-efficient, that is, it requires low energy at the same time, pollution-free, this does not only ensure metal purity but also ensures a sustainable environment. Get Price For …

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  • Frontiers

    2020-11-27u2002·u2002The present review focuses on hot issues for the multi-phase slag refining, including the lime dissolution into the molten slag, the formation of 2CaO·SiO 2 and 2CaO·SiO 2-3CaO·P 2 O 5 solid solution, and the distribution ratio of phosphorus between the solid and liquid phases in the slag, as well as the modeling of dephosphorization by ...

    Get Price
  • Optimization of Refining Slag Composition and the ...

    2019-12-14u2002·u2002The cleanliness level in the slabs of micro-alloy structure steel produced in the BOF–CAS–CC process was studied by optimizing the compositions of molten steel and refining slag in trial heats. When the slag composition was controlled in the range of CaO = 45–53 wt%, Al2O3 = 28–32 wt%, SiO2 = 6–11 wt% and MgO = 5–10 wt% in CAS, the steel composition should be in the range of …

    Get Price
  • Steel Slag - an overview

    The first stage of the scrap-based steel industry production generates EAF slag (EAFS) and a second stage is performed to refine the molten steel. The slag produced in the LF (LFS) is the result from steel refining and, therefore, it is generally a heavy metal carrier such as chrome, lead or zinc (CEDEX – Ministerio de Fomento, 2018).

    Get Price
  • Desulfurization Process, Dephosphorization, and

    Next, the steel goes to the ladle furnace, the bubbling station, or chemical heating to apply synthetic slag as second refining or have a micropulverized desulfurization agent injected. The next step is vacuum degassing to refine steel for the third time using other synthetic slag specifications. Finally, the steel goes to the rolling/drawing ...

    Get Price
  • CN1827792A - Fluorine-free pro-molten refining slag and ...

    The invention provides a process for preparing fluorine-free pro-molten refining slag suitable for molten steel external-furnace smelting, wherein the constituents of the refining slag include CaO 40-48%, Al2O3 38-45%, MgO 6-10%, SiO2 0.5-6%, Fe2O3 0.1-2%. The preparing process comprises choosing raw material, proportioning, mixing, electric furnace smelting, and squashing.

    Get Price
  • Low-Carbon Production of Iron & Steel: Technology

    2021-3-8u2002·u2002Today, EAF is the dominant approach for steel recycling (i.e., secondary steel production) and also contributes to primary steel production by upgrading or refining DRI sponge iron. EAF steel production operates in batch mode instead of continuous like a BF-BOF plant.

    Get Price
  • Ladle refining [SubsTech]

    2012-5-31u2002·u2002Molten steel in a ladle may be treated (refined) in a device called Ladle Furnace (LF). The ladle is transported to the Ladle Furnace stand where it is placed under a cover equipped with three graphite electrodes connected to a three-phase arc transformer. The ladle bottom has a porous refractory plug, which is connected to the argon supply pipe at the Ladle Furnace stand.

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  • DENKA FLUX COMPOUND

    Characteristics. 'DENKA FLUX COMPOUND' has a very low impurity content, while absorption of moisture and carbon dioxide in the air can be controlled, thus providing excellent storage stability and rendering it well suited as a refining agent for high-grade steel. Also, its melting temperature is low, and since it has excellent slag formation ...

    Get Price
  • Secondary steel making processes - SlideShare

    2015-3-19u2002·u2002STEEL MAKING ROUTES 4. SECONDARY STEEL MAKING PROCESSES (I)AOD PROCESS (II)VOD PROCESS (iii)CLU PROCESS (iv)LADLE FURNACE 5. RH DEGASSER TECHNIQUE. 3. What is Steel is an alloy of Iron and Carbon containing less than 2% carbon. Commonly used automotive and construction steels contain 0.05 – 0.5 % C Modern steels often contain additional ...

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  • Preparation of glass-ceramics from molten steel slag using ...

    A novel approach to prepare glass-ceramics from molten steel slag (MSS) was proposed. In laboratory, the water-quenched steel slag was melted at 1350 °C to simulate the MSS.

    Get Price
  • Frontiers

    2020-11-27u2002·u2002The present review focuses on hot issues for the multi-phase slag refining, including the lime dissolution into the molten slag, the formation of 2CaO·SiO 2 and 2CaO·SiO 2-3CaO·P 2 O 5 solid solution, and the distribution ratio of phosphorus between the solid and liquid phases in the slag, as well as the modeling of dephosphorization by ...

    Get Price
  • Optimization of Refining Slag Composition and the ...

    2019-12-14u2002·u2002The cleanliness level in the slabs of micro-alloy structure steel produced in the BOF–CAS–CC process was studied by optimizing the compositions of molten steel and refining slag in trial heats. When the slag composition was controlled in the range of CaO = 45–53 wt%, Al2O3 = 28–32 wt%, SiO2 = 6–11 wt% and MgO = 5–10 wt% in CAS, the steel composition should be in the range of …

    Get Price
  • Steel Slag - an overview

    The first stage of the scrap-based steel industry production generates EAF slag (EAFS) and a second stage is performed to refine the molten steel. The slag produced in the LF (LFS) is the result from steel refining and, therefore, it is generally a heavy metal carrier such as chrome, lead or zinc (CEDEX – Ministerio de Fomento, 2018).

    Get Price
  • Desulfurization Process, Dephosphorization, and

    Next, the steel goes to the ladle furnace, the bubbling station, or chemical heating to apply synthetic slag as second refining or have a micropulverized desulfurization agent injected. The next step is vacuum degassing to refine steel for the third time using other synthetic slag specifications. Finally, the steel goes to the rolling/drawing ...

    Get Price
  • CN1827792A - Fluorine-free pro-molten refining slag and ...

    The invention provides a process for preparing fluorine-free pro-molten refining slag suitable for molten steel external-furnace smelting, wherein the constituents of the refining slag include CaO 40-48%, Al2O3 38-45%, MgO 6-10%, SiO2 0.5-6%, Fe2O3 0.1-2%. The preparing process comprises choosing raw material, proportioning, mixing, electric furnace smelting, and squashing.

    Get Price
  • Low-Carbon Production of Iron & Steel: Technology

    2021-3-8u2002·u2002Today, EAF is the dominant approach for steel recycling (i.e., secondary steel production) and also contributes to primary steel production by upgrading or refining DRI sponge iron. EAF steel production operates in batch mode instead of continuous like a BF-BOF plant.

    Get Price
  • Ladle refining [SubsTech]

    2012-5-31u2002·u2002Molten steel in a ladle may be treated (refined) in a device called Ladle Furnace (LF). The ladle is transported to the Ladle Furnace stand where it is placed under a cover equipped with three graphite electrodes connected to a three-phase arc transformer. The ladle bottom has a porous refractory plug, which is connected to the argon supply pipe at the Ladle Furnace stand.

    Get Price
  • DENKA FLUX COMPOUND

    Characteristics. 'DENKA FLUX COMPOUND' has a very low impurity content, while absorption of moisture and carbon dioxide in the air can be controlled, thus providing excellent storage stability and rendering it well suited as a refining agent for high-grade steel. Also, its melting temperature is low, and since it has excellent slag formation ...

    Get Price
  • Secondary steel making processes - SlideShare

    2015-3-19u2002·u2002STEEL MAKING ROUTES 4. SECONDARY STEEL MAKING PROCESSES (I)AOD PROCESS (II)VOD PROCESS (iii)CLU PROCESS (iv)LADLE FURNACE 5. RH DEGASSER TECHNIQUE. 3. What is Steel is an alloy of Iron and Carbon containing less than 2% carbon. Commonly used automotive and construction steels contain 0.05 – 0.5 % C Modern steels often contain additional ...

    Get Price
  • Preparation of glass-ceramics from molten steel slag using ...

    A novel approach to prepare glass-ceramics from molten steel slag (MSS) was proposed. In laboratory, the water-quenched steel slag was melted at 1350 °C to simulate the MSS.

    Get Price
  • China Slag Pan, Slag Pan Manufacturers, Suppliers, Price ...

    China Slag Pan manufacturers - Select 2021 high quality Slag Pan products in best price from certified Chinese Pan Machine, China Slag suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com

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  • Optimization of Refining Slag Composition and the ...

    2019-12-14u2002·u2002The cleanliness level in the slabs of micro-alloy structure steel produced in the BOF–CAS–CC process was studied by optimizing the compositions of molten steel and refining slag in trial heats. When the slag composition was controlled in the range of CaO = 45–53 wt%, Al2O3 = 28–32 wt%, SiO2 = 6–11 wt% and MgO = 5–10 wt% in CAS, the steel composition should be in the range of …

    Get Price
  • Inclusions Control and Refining Slag Optimization for

    2019-2-21u2002·u2002metals Article Inclusions Control and Refining Slag Optimization for Fork Flat Steel Yangyang Ge 1, Shuo Zhao 1,2,*, Liang Ma 1, Tao Yan 1, Zushu Li 2 and Bin Yang 3 1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Engineering, Handan 056000, China; [email protected] (Y.G.); [email protected] (L.M.); [email protected] (T.Y.)

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  • IRON AND STEEL - Records Collections

    2021-9-5u2002·u2002Molten iron and slag are intermittently tapped from the hearth at the bottom. The slag is drawn off and processed. ... these, into steel by a refining process that lowers the carbon and silicon content and removes impurities (mainly phosphorus and sulfur). Three major furnace types can be used for making steel: ... steel manufacturing processes.

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  • High-quality Work Roll Manufacturing Technology Using

    2011-11-29u2002·u20021 KOBELCO TECHNOLOGY REVIEW NO. 30 DEC. 2011 High-quality Work Roll Manufacturing Technology Using New Electro Slag Remelting (ESR) Jun SATO *1, Kouji IWANAGA, Atsushi TOMIOKA *1, Katsushige NISHIGUCHI, Hiroki NAKASHIMA*2, Hitoshi ISHIDA*3 *1 Steel Making & Casting Department, Steel Casting & Forging Plant, Steel Casting & Forging Division, Iron & Steel …

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  • 12.5.1 Steel Minimills

    2015-9-10u2002·u2002Refining of the molten steel can occur simultaneously with melting, especially in EAF operations where oxygen is introduced throughout the batch. During the refining process, substances that are incompatible with iron and steel are separated out by forming a layer of slag on top of the molten …

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  • Graphite Crucible, Metal Melting & Casting Graphite ...

    2 days agou2002·u2002In refining and melting precious metals, it is important that the crucible you use provides clean metal by incorporating non-wetting properties. 2.9, Slag and Dross Removal. A dense and non-wetting crucible helps to reduce slag and dross accumulation and will make it easy to clean the crucible when empty. 2.10, Emptying the Furnace

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  • An Overview of Use of Linz-Donawitz (LD) Steel Slag in ...

    Physical and chemical and mineralogical characteristics of LD steel slag. It has been found that the density of LD slag lies between 3.3-3.6g/cm. 3 Due to its high Fe content, steel slag looks in appearance a loose collection, and appears hard and wear resistant. The grindability index of steel slag is 0.7, in contrast with the value of 0.96 and 1.0 for blast furnae slag and standard sand ...

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  • Steelmaking Technology for the Last 100 Years: Toward ...

    Progress of steelmaking technology in Japan over the last 100 years is overviewed covering hot metal pretreatment, primary steelmaking with open hearth furnaces, converters and electric arc furnaces, secondary refining of steel with degassers and ladle furnaces, and ingot- and continuous-casting.

    Get Price
  • industrial furnace price, industrial furnace price ...

    New Design Industrial Induction Billet Preheating Furnace Price rated Capacity t Ladle furnace diameter mm Transformer frequency capacity KVA electrode Diameter mm electrode ring Diameter mm Molten steel heating speed ℃/min 15 1540 2800 250 460 ≥3.5 20 1740 3600 250 460 ≥3.5 25 1830 4200 250 460 ≥3.5 4500 300 500 ≥4.0 30 1900 ...

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  • Frontiers

    2020-11-27u2002·u2002The present review focuses on hot issues for the multi-phase slag refining, including the lime dissolution into the molten slag, the formation of 2CaO·SiO 2 and 2CaO·SiO 2-3CaO·P 2 O 5 solid solution, and the distribution ratio of phosphorus between the solid and liquid phases in the slag, as well as the modeling of dephosphorization by ...

    Get Price
  • Optimization of Refining Slag Composition and the ...

    2019-12-14u2002·u2002The cleanliness level in the slabs of micro-alloy structure steel produced in the BOF–CAS–CC process was studied by optimizing the compositions of molten steel and refining slag in trial heats. When the slag composition was controlled in the range of CaO = 45–53 wt%, Al2O3 = 28–32 wt%, SiO2 = 6–11 wt% and MgO = 5–10 wt% in CAS, the steel composition should be in the range of …

    Get Price
  • Steel Slag - an overview

    The first stage of the scrap-based steel industry production generates EAF slag (EAFS) and a second stage is performed to refine the molten steel. The slag produced in the LF (LFS) is the result from steel refining and, therefore, it is generally a heavy metal carrier such as chrome, lead or zinc (CEDEX – Ministerio de Fomento, 2018).

    Get Price
  • Desulfurization Process, Dephosphorization, and

    Next, the steel goes to the ladle furnace, the bubbling station, or chemical heating to apply synthetic slag as second refining or have a micropulverized desulfurization agent injected. The next step is vacuum degassing to refine steel for the third time using other synthetic slag specifications. Finally, the steel goes to the rolling/drawing ...

    Get Price
  • CN1827792A - Fluorine-free pro-molten refining slag and ...

    The invention provides a process for preparing fluorine-free pro-molten refining slag suitable for molten steel external-furnace smelting, wherein the constituents of the refining slag include CaO 40-48%, Al2O3 38-45%, MgO 6-10%, SiO2 0.5-6%, Fe2O3 0.1-2%. The preparing process comprises choosing raw material, proportioning, mixing, electric furnace smelting, and squashing.

    Get Price
  • Low-Carbon Production of Iron & Steel: Technology

    2021-3-8u2002·u2002Today, EAF is the dominant approach for steel recycling (i.e., secondary steel production) and also contributes to primary steel production by upgrading or refining DRI sponge iron. EAF steel production operates in batch mode instead of continuous like a BF-BOF plant.

    Get Price
  • Ladle refining [SubsTech]

    2012-5-31u2002·u2002Molten steel in a ladle may be treated (refined) in a device called Ladle Furnace (LF). The ladle is transported to the Ladle Furnace stand where it is placed under a cover equipped with three graphite electrodes connected to a three-phase arc transformer. The ladle bottom has a porous refractory plug, which is connected to the argon supply pipe at the Ladle Furnace stand.

    Get Price
  • DENKA FLUX COMPOUND

    Characteristics. 'DENKA FLUX COMPOUND' has a very low impurity content, while absorption of moisture and carbon dioxide in the air can be controlled, thus providing excellent storage stability and rendering it well suited as a refining agent for high-grade steel. Also, its melting temperature is low, and since it has excellent slag formation ...

    Get Price
  • Secondary steel making processes - SlideShare

    2015-3-19u2002·u2002STEEL MAKING ROUTES 4. SECONDARY STEEL MAKING PROCESSES (I)AOD PROCESS (II)VOD PROCESS (iii)CLU PROCESS (iv)LADLE FURNACE 5. RH DEGASSER TECHNIQUE. 3. What is Steel is an alloy of Iron and Carbon containing less than 2% carbon. Commonly used automotive and construction steels contain 0.05 – 0.5 % C Modern steels often contain additional ...

    Get Price
  • Preparation of glass-ceramics from molten steel slag using ...

    A novel approach to prepare glass-ceramics from molten steel slag (MSS) was proposed. In laboratory, the water-quenched steel slag was melted at 1350 °C to simulate the MSS.

    Get Price
  • Environmental and Resource Conservation Considerations of ...

    ----- EPA-600/2-79-074 SW-740 April 1979 Environmental and Resource Conservation Considerations of Steel Industry Solid Waste by V.H. Baldwin, M.R. Branscome, C.C. Allen, D.B. Marsland, B.H. Carpenter, and R. Jablin Research Triangle Institute P.O. Box 12194 Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709 Contract No. 68-02-2612 Task No. 73 Program Elements …

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  • Metal Bulletin

    A steel tube for introducing a gas, eg, oxygen, into a bath of molten metal, mostly steel. See BOF. Last trading day On futures markets which trade in monthly positions, the last trading day before a particular month's contract is delivered. L/C Letter of Credit. A bank instrument normally used to settle international trades. LCFeCr

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  • Airborne Emissions from Mn Ferroalloy Production ...

    2018-10-9u2002·u2002Airborne emissions from metal production represent a health, safety, and environmental challenge to which more and more attention is being directed. Industries worldwide, as well as authorities and others, are resolute in their aim of limiting, reducing, and ultimately eliminating these emissions. Many lessons can be learned by sharing information between …

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  • IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering ...

    2020-11-12u2002·u2002International Russian Conference on Materials Science and Metallurgical Technology (RusMetalCon 2020) 22-24 September 2020, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation. Accepted papers received: 16 October 2020. Published online: 12 November 2020. Open all abstracts.

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  • ATO Depreciation Rates 2021 • Washing

    2008-7-1u2002·u200220.00%. 1 Jul 2015. Parts washing machines. 7 years. 28.57%. 14.29%. 1 Jul 2015. Disclaimer: While all the effort has been made to make this service as helpful as possible, this is free service and the author makes no warranties regarding the accuracy or completeness to any information on this website. Source: TR 2021/3.

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  • Electropaedia History of Science, Technology and ...

    2021-8-26u2002·u2002Heroes and Villains - A little light reading. Here you will find a brief history of technology. Initially inspired by the development of batteries, it covers technology in general and includes some interesting little known, or long forgotten, facts as well as a few myths about the development of technology, the science behind it, the context in which it occurred and the deeds …

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  • Blast Furnace Iron Making IIT KGP Oct 26 2010

    2010-10-26u2002·u2002BLAST FURNACE IRONMAKING. Amongst all the ironmaking processes, the blast. furnace still holds the dominant position. The blast furnace has remained up-to-date and. competitive with the new technologies. Hot metal production rates of 8000-10,000 tpd, fuel rates. of around 450-470 kg/thm (270-275 kg coke plus 175-225.

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  • Ironmaking And Steelmaking Theory And Practice - ID ...

    The demand for steel with stringent quality has made it necessary to adopt this type of downstream processing of liquid steel to guarantee the performance of the final products.44 • IRONMAKING AND STEELMAKING: Theory and Practice ideal melting unit for the production of all steel grades. in such a situation the steelmaking furnace itself is ...

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  • gabungan ppt

    2016-12-12u2002·u2002and (2) pig iron, (3) blowing, (4) tapping the molten steel, (5) pouring off the slag. 167 168 BOF (Slag) 169 Electric Arc Furnace . Raw Materials Scrap iron and scrap steel . Produce Alloy steels, tool steels, and stainless steels Better quality steel . Higher cost per ton, compared to BOF ) 170 Electric Arc. 171 Figure 6.9 Electric arc ...

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